An option that is given to investor the right but not obligation to buy a particular stock at a specified price within a specified time period.

To an economist, capital means machinery, factories and inventory required to produce other products. To investors, capital means their cash plus the financial assets they have invested in securities, their home and other fixed assets.

Profit or loss resulting from the sale of certain assets classified under the federal income tax legislation as capital assets. This includes stocks and other investments such as investment property.

The final price at which the stock is traded on a given particular trading day

The fee charged by an investment adviser or broker for buying or selling securities as an agent on behalf of a client.

Product used for commerce that are traded on a separate, authorized commodities platform. Commodities include agricultural products and natural resources.

Securities that represent part ownership in a company and generally carry voting privileges. Common shareholders may be paid dividends, but only after preferred shareholders are paid. Common shareholders are last in line after creditors, debt holders and preferred shareholders to claim any of a company’s assets in the event of liquidation.

Contract Note is a confirmation of trades done on a particular day on behalf of the client by a trading member. It imposes a legally enforceable relationship between the client and the trading member with respect to purchase/sale and settlement of trades. It also helps to settle disputes/claims between the investor and the trading member

A security (bonds, debentures, preferred stocks) by an issuer that can be converted into other securities of that issuer are known as convertible securities. The conversion usually occurs at the option of the holder, but it may occur at the option of the issuer.

A form of business organization created under provincial or federal laws that has a legal identity separate from its owners. The shareholders are the corporation’s owners and are liable for the debts of the corporation only up to the amount of their investment. This is known as limited liability.